GNIS_Church_2017
Description | Spatial | Data Structure | Data Quality | Data Source | Data Distribution | Metadata
Description
Citation
Title: GNIS_Church_2017
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication place: Reston, VA
Publication date: 19810501
Data type: Live map layers in ESRI SDE; live query by URL with parameters and response in XML; web form query with tabular, geographic display and printable format; ASCII, UTF-8, or UTF-16 file download
Description
Abstract:
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is the Federal standard for geographic nomenclature. The U.S. Geological Survey developed the GNIS for the U.S. Board on Geographic Names, a Federal inter-agency body chartered by public law to maintain uniform feature name usage throughout the Government and to promulgate standard names to the public. The GNIS is the official repository of domestic geographic names data; the official vehicle for geographic names use by all departments of the Federal Government; and the source for applying geographic names to Federal electronic and printed products of all types. See http://geonames.usgs.gov for additional information.
Purpose:
The Geographic Names Information System contains information about physical and cultural geographic features of all types in the United States, associated areas, and Antarctica, current and historical, but not including roads and highways. The database holds the Federally recognized name of each feature and defines the feature location by state, county, USGS topographic map, and geographic coordinates. Other attributes include names or spellings other than the official name, feature designations, feature classification, historical and descriptive information, and for some categories the geometric boundaries. The database assigns a unique, permanent feature identifier, the Feature ID, as a standard Federal key for accessing, integrating, or reconciling feature data from multiple data sets. The GNIS collects data from a broad program of partnerships with Federal, State, and local government agencies and other authorized contributors. The GNIS provides data to all levels of government and to the public, as well as to numerous applications through a web query site, web map and feature services, file download services, and customized files upon request.
Supplemental information:
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names was created in 1890 and established in its present form by Public Law in 1947 to establish and maintain uniform geographic name usage throughout the Federal Government. The Board serves all government agencies and the public as the central authority to which name inquiries, name issues, and new name proposals can be directed. It is comprised of representatives of Federal agencies associated with land management and cartography. Sharing its responsibilities with the Secretary of the Interior, the Board develops principles, policies, and procedures governing the use of both domestic and foreign geographic names as well as undersea and Antarctic feature names.
Time Period of Data
Beginning date: 19740101
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Ground Condition
Status
Data status: In work
Update frequency: As needed
Key Words
Theme:
Keywords: structure, society, Variant name, utilitiesCommunication, economy, Geographical name, Geographic name, environment, inlandWaters, Feature name, Feature class, Feature description, Official feature name, Feature county, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, Geographical feature, location, Feature identification, transportation, Feature state, Feature history, Geographic feature, Place name, Feature designation, Feature coordinates
Keyword thesaurus: None
Theme:
Keywords: transportation, imageryBaseMapsEarthCover, location, economy, environment, structure, society, inlandWaters, utilitiesCommunication
Keyword thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Place:
Keywords: United States, Census Area, Borough, Commonwealth, County, Municipio, Topographic Map, Populated Place, Outlying Area, District, Territory, Antarctica, State, Parish
Keyword thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System, USGS, Reston, VA
Temporal:
Keywords: Historical, Current
Keyword thesaurus: None
Data Constraints and Credit
Access constraints:
None
Use constraints:
None. Acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated in products derived from these data.
Dataset credit:
The Geographic Names Information System was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.
Point Of Contact
Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Person: Louis A. Yost
Position: Chief, Geographic Names Project
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Cross Reference
Title: The National Map
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
The National Map, is a seamless, continuously maintained set of public domain geographic base information that serves as a foundation for integrating, sharing, and using other data easily and consistently. The National Map viewer is a Web-enabled portal to all of the geospatial information contained in The National Map. This portal not only supports on-line access to the geospatial information, but also allows the download of digital data and creation of cartographic products. The GNIS supports The National Map as the source for the gazetteer search in Find Place function of The National Map viewer and as active names layers.
Cross Reference
Title: GEOnet Names Server
Originators: National Geospatial Agency (NGA)
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
The GEOnet Names Server (GNS) provides access to the National Geospatial Agency (NGA) database of foreign geographic feature names. The database is the official repository of foreign place-name decisions approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (US BGN). Approximately 20,000 of the database's features are updated monthly.
Cross Reference
Title: LandView
Originators: U.S. Census Bureau
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
LandView is a desktop mapping system that searches and maps selected information from the Environmental Protection Agency, the Census Bureau, and the U.S. Geological Survey. LandView contains a large subset of GNIS feature, location, and attribute data for the United States. It is available on DVD. See the LandView web site for information concerning the latest edition and ordering.
Cross Reference
Title: The National Atlas
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
The National Atlas summarizes national-scale geographical information and delivers easy to use, map-like views of America's natural and sociocultural landscapes. This digital version revises a large bound collection of paper maps that was published in 1970. The Atlas serves a diverse populace as an essential reference, a framework for information discovery, an instrument of education, an aid in research, and a reliable source of government information. It includes stimulating products and services for children and adults to understand complex relationships among environments, places, and people. It contributes to our knowledge of the environmental, resource, demographic, economic, social, political, and historical dimensions of American life. Though it cannot display detailed map information, the Atlas directs users to other sources for this information. The GNIS provides geographic feature, location, and attribute data to the National Atlas.
Cross Reference
Title: The National Hydrography Dataset
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unknown
Data location: http://nhd.usgs.gov/
Other citation details:
The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a comprehensive set of digital spatial data that contains information about surface water features such as lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, springs and wells. Within the NHD, surface water features are combined to form "reaches," which provide the framework for linking water-related data to the NHD surface water drainage network. These linkages enable the analysis and display of these water-related data in upstream and downstream order. The GNIS provides geographic feature name data to the National Hydrography Dataset.
Cross Reference
Title: Geodata.gov, Geospatial One-Stop
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
Geodata.gov is a geographic information system (GIS) portal, also known as the Geospatial One-Stop (GOS) that serves as a public gateway for improving access to geospatial information and data under the Geospatial One-Stop E-Government initiative. Geospatial One-Stop is one of 24 E-Government initiatives sponsored by the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to enhance government efficiency and to improve citizen services. See the Geographic Names community in geodata.gov.
Spatial Reference Information
Horizontal Coordinate System
Coordinate System Details
Geographic coordinate system
Latitude resolution: 8.983152841195215e-009
Longitude resolution: 8.983152841195215e-009
Geographic coordinate units: Decimal Degrees
Geodetic model
Horizontal datum name: D WGS 1984
Ellipsoid name: WGS 1984
Semi-major axis: 6378137.0
Denominator of flattening ratio: 298.257223563
Spatial Domain
Below are the western, eastern, northern, and southern geographic limits of data coverage.
Bounding Coordinates
In Unprojected coordinates (geographic)
Boundary Coordinate
West -170.732222 (latitude)
East 163.028333 (latitude)
North 64.954444 (longitude)
South -14.335556 (longitude)
Data Structure and Attribute Information
Name and Format
Data type: Live map layers in ESRI SDE; live query by URL with parameters and response in XML; web form query with tabular, geographic display and printable format; ASCII, UTF-8, or UTF-16 file download
Native dataset environment: Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.3.1.4959
Overview
Direct spatial reference method: Vector
Indirect spatial reference method: Features are located by State and county, and related to the USGS topographic map on which the feature is shown.
Attributes of GNIS_Church_2017
Description:
A geographic feature is any relatively permanent part of the natural or manmade landscape or seascape that has recognizable identity within a particular cultural context. The primary attributes of a geographic feature are name and location.
Source:
Principles, Policies, and Procedures: Domestic Geographic Names, By Donald J. Orth, Executive Secretary, Domestic Geographic Names (emeritus) and Roger L. Payne, Executive Secretary, United States Board on Geographic Names and Domestic Geographic Names, Third printing (revised) and Preliminary Online Edition, 1997 (http://geonames.usgs.gov/docs/pro_pol_pro.pdf).
Attributes
OBJECTID
Definition:
Internal feature number.
Attribute values: Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute definition source:
Esri
FEATURE_ID
FEATURE_NAME
FEATURE_CLASS
STATE_ALPHA
STATE_NUMERIC
COUNTY_NAME
COUNTY_NUMERIC
PRIMARY_LAT_DMS
PRIM_LONG_DMS
PRIM_LAT_DEC
PRIM_LONG_DEC
SOURCE_LAT_DMS
SOURCE_LONG_DMS
SOURCE_LAT_DEC
SOURCE_LONG_DEC
ELEV_IN_M
ELEV_IN_FT
MAP_NAME
DATE_CREATED
DATE_EDITED
Shape
Definition:
Feature geometry.
Attribute values: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute definition source:
Esri
SDTS Feature Description
Spatial data transfer standard (SDTS) terms
Feature class
Type: Entity point
Count: 231967
Data Quality and Accuracy Information
General
Logical consistency report:
During Phase I data compilation, a random sample of 10% of the entries in the system were visually verified against the compilation source data (large-scale USGS topographic maps) to ensure logical consistency of locative references (geographic coordinates, topographic map, and county. Subsequent data compilation and input processes include programmed validation checks for logical consistency, visual examination, and spot checks of data.
Completeness report:
This dataset contains information about United States physical and cultural geographic features of all types and classes, with the exception of most roads and highways. Subsequent to the original data compilation process, which was taken primarily from Federal maps, the GNIS has become dependent on input from Federal, State, county, and local government agencies and other approved sources. The completeness, currency, and accuracy of the data varies by area depending on the quality and timeliness of that input. Accordingly, the Geographic Names Project actively seeks to expand partnerships with Government agencies at all levels and other interested organizations. The latest tools and methodologies are being applied, including web map and feature services, and joint or linked web applications, to ensure that local data are properly represented in the GNIS and through the GNIS to all Federal agencies and to the public. Feature additions or corrections are accepted for consideration from any source, and when validated by appropriate agencies, will be entered into the database. Local and State agencies are encouraged to submit data and to participate in the GNIS partnership program. Non-government organizations with valuable data are considered on a case basis. Authorized partners have access to web based transaction entry and edit forms, which submit data directly to the GNIS for review and inclusion in the database. Partners also submit batch files in most standard formats, and coordinate with the Geographic Names Project to develop joint services, processes, and applications for greatest efficiency. Data entered into the GNIS immediately is available to all web services and applications dependent on it. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov.
Attribute Accuracy
Attribute accuracy report:
During Phase I data compilation, a random sample of 10% of the entries in the system were visually verified against the compilation source data (large-scale USGS topographic maps) to ensure an accuracy rate of at least 95%. Subsequent data compilation and input processes ensure accuracy with programmed validation checks for format and content, visual examination, and spot checks of data.
Positional Accuracy
Horizontal accuracy report:
Accuracy of these digital data is based upon the use of printed or electronic source graphics which are compiled to meet National Map Accuracy Standards. Comparison to the graphic source is used as control to assess digital positional accuracy.
Data Source and Process Information
Data Sources
Data source information
USBGN
Title: Records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unpublished material
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: 18900101
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Creation date
Various
Title: Unknown
Originators: Public
Council of Geographic Names Authorities (COGNA)
U.S. Forest Service
Other Federal, state and local agencies
National Park Service (NPS)
The State Names Authorities
National Ocean Service (NOS)
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
Since the original data compilation was completed from the original sources, GNIS accepts data or data changes for consideration from any source, and upon validation by the Board on Geographic Names or the appropriate Federal or state agency, will enter the data into the database. The GNIS has an active data gathering and maintenance program. A web-based data entry and edit application allows authorized users to submit transaction data directly for validation and entry into the database, where it immediately becomes available to all web services and applications. A test and demonstration site with no connection to production data is available for review, training, and familiarization. Batch files will be accepted in most standard formats. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov.
Media: None
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: unknown
Currentness reference:
Unknown
USFS
Title: U.S. Forest Service 1:24,000-scale topographic maps and visitor maps
Originators: U.S. Forest Service
Publication date: unknown
Map scale denominator: 24000
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
USGS
Title: 1:24,000-scale topographic maps
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication place: Reston, VA
Publication date: unknown
Data type: Map
Map scale denominator: 24000
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute data.
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
NOAA/NOS
Title: National Ocean Service charts
Originators: National Ocean Service (NOS)
Publication date: unknown
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
Process Steps
Process step information
Process Step 1
Process description:
Partnerships - the Geographic Names Project enters into partnerships with State names authorities and State and local GIS agencies to integrate name, location, and attribute data in the GNIS with State and local datasets. These partnerships utilize GIS and web technology to automate and simplify data maintenance, ensure data consistency, integrity, and accuracy, and meet the requirements of the Board on Geographic Names for national names standardization. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information contact the individual below.
Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Person: Louis A. Yost
Position: Chief, Geographic Names Project
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Process date: not complete
Process Step 2
Process description:
GNIS Maintenance program - Federal and state maintenance cooperators submit new and corrected data in conjunction with their mapping and geographical information system data maintenance programs. The GNIS has an active data gathering and maintenance program. A web-based data entry and edit application allows authorized users to submit transaction data directly for validation and entry into the database, where it immediately becomes available to all web services and applications. A test and demonstration site with no connection to production data is available for review, training, and familiarization. Batch files will be accepted in most standard formats. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov or the individual below.
Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Person: Louis A. Yost
Position: Chief, Geographic Names Project
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: 0900-1700 Eastern time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Process date: not complete
Data Source used
USGS
Title: 1:24,000-scale topographic maps
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication place: Reston, VA
Publication date: unknown
Data type: Map
Map scale denominator: 24000
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute data.
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
Various
Title: Unknown
Originators: Public
Council of Geographic Names Authorities (COGNA)
U.S. Forest Service
Other Federal, state and local agencies
National Park Service (NPS)
The State Names Authorities
National Ocean Service (NOS)
Publication date: unknown
Other citation details:
Since the original data compilation was completed from the original sources, GNIS accepts data or data changes for consideration from any source, and upon validation by the Board on Geographic Names or the appropriate Federal or state agency, will enter the data into the database. The GNIS has an active data gathering and maintenance program. A web-based data entry and edit application allows authorized users to submit transaction data directly for validation and entry into the database, where it immediately becomes available to all web services and applications. A test and demonstration site with no connection to production data is available for review, training, and familiarization. Batch files will be accepted in most standard formats. Government agencies at all levels are encouraged to join this program. Other organizations and individuals will be considered on a case basis. For additional information or to request user accounts for entry and edit of production data and web seminar training, contact gnis_manager@usgs.gov.
Media: None
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: unknown
Currentness reference:
Unknown
USFS
Title: U.S. Forest Service 1:24,000-scale topographic maps and visitor maps
Originators: U.S. Forest Service
Publication date: unknown
Map scale denominator: 24000
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
USBGN
Title: Records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unpublished material
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: 18900101
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Creation date
NOAA/NOS
Title: National Ocean Service charts
Originators: National Ocean Service (NOS)
Publication date: unknown
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
Process Step 3
Process description:
GNIS Phase II data compilation and edit - Feature name and attribute data are collected from official state and local sources and other approved sources including historical maps and documents.
Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Person: Louis A. Yost
Position: Chief, Geographic Names Project
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Process date: not complete
Data Source used
USGS
Title: 1:24,000-scale topographic maps
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication place: Reston, VA
Publication date: unknown
Data type: Map
Map scale denominator: 24000
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute data.
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
USBGN
Title: Records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unpublished material
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: 18900101
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Creation date
Process Step 4
Process description:
GNIS Phase I data compilation and edit - Feature name and attribute data were collected from the largest-scale USGS topographic maps available. These data are compared to the records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names.
Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Person: Roger L. Payne
Position: Chief, Geographic Names Project
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Process date: 19810501
Data Source used
USGS
Title: 1:24,000-scale topographic maps
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication place: Reston, VA
Publication date: unknown
Data type: Map
Map scale denominator: 24000
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute data.
Beginning date: unknown
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Publication date
USBGN
Title: Records of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Originators: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication date: unpublished material
Media: hardcopyPaper
Source contribution:
Feature names and attribute information
Beginning date: 18900101
Ending date: present
Currentness reference:
Creation date
Data Distribution Information
General
Resource description:
Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata
Distribution liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The Geological Survey will warrant the delivery of this product in computer-readable format.
Distribution Point of Contact
Organization: Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Standard Order Process
Digital form:
Format name: ASCII.
Format information content:
Data extract files for States and territories are available for download via web browser. Topical extracts of the data base are also available: the U.S. Populated Places File lists information about all communities throughout the United States that are described in the database; the U.S. Concise File lists information about major physical and cultural features throughout the United States that are described in the database; the Historical Features File lists information about features which are no longer in existence and/or no longer serve their original purpose; the All Names File lists all names, both official and nonofficial (variant), for all features in the nation; and the Antarctica File contains entries throughout the continent of Antarctica as approved for use by the United States Government. The data is presented in format ASCII, UTF-8, or UTF-16.
Digital transfer option:
Online option:
Computer information:
Network address:
Network resource name: http://geonames.usgs.gov/
Fees: None
General
Resource description:
Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata
Distribution liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The Geological Survey will warrant the delivery of this product in computer-readable format.
Distribution Point of Contact
Organization: Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Standard Order Process
Digital form:
Format name: Arc SDE.
Format information content:
Primary attributes are available from the names layers served through an ESRI ArcGIS web map service. The following are instructions for access by ESRI ArcMap. For other tools, please adjust accordingly. 1) Click Add Data, 2) expand drop-down to GIS Servers, 3) select Add WMS Server, 4) enter the following full URL, 5) click Get Layers, then click OK, (The service is added to the list of available servers), 6) select service if not already highlighted, 7) click Add, 8) select the service again in pop up box, 9) click Add. The layers should appear in the ArcMap table of contents. No data will appear until you zoom in far enough over continental the US. The layers display at varying resolutions. See these same layers in The National Map viewer under the Names category in the layer list. The names layers do not include all attributes. Customized files of large data sets also can be provided on request in most standard formats including shape files. The data is presented in format Arc SDE.
Digital transfer option:
Online option:
Computer information:
Fees: None
General
Resource description:
Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata
Distribution liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The Geological Survey will warrant the delivery of this product in computer-readable format.
Distribution Point of Contact
Organization: Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Standard Order Process
Digital form:
Format name: XML.
Format information content:
Primary attributes are available from the GNIS XML service. Instructions: Insert desired parameter value(s) in single quotes following the equals sign. Do not change or delete unused parameters. Parameter definitions: fname = feature name. (Exact match. Not case sensitive.) state = state name. (Exact match. Case sensitive.) cnty = county name. (Exact match. Not case sensitive.) cell = USGS standard topographic map name. (Exact match. Not case sensitive.) ftype = feature type (class). See the GNIS public query page (http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/). The pick list for feature class contains the values. Note that the value (populated place) in the pick list is abbreviated (ppl) in the data. See question 14, How can I acquire GNIS data?, of our FAQ (http://geonames.usgs.gov/domestic/faqs.htm) for more details and sample URLs. As currently implemented, it is for relatively small data set queries not for mass downloads. It does not include all attributes. Customized files of large data sets also can be provided on request in most standard formats. The data is presented in format XML.
Digital transfer option:
Online option:
Computer information:
Fees: None
General
Resource description:
Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata
Distribution liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The Geological Survey will warrant the delivery of this product in computer-readable format.
Distribution Point of Contact
Organization: Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Standard Order Process
Digital form:
Format name: HTML.
Format information content:
All GNIS data may be queried, displayed, and/or printed from the public web site
Digital transfer option:
Online option:
Computer information:
Network address:
Fees: None
General
Resource description:
Document of Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Metadata
Distribution liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. The Geological Survey will warrant the delivery of this product in computer-readable format.
Distribution Point of Contact
Organization: Geographic Names Project, U.S. Geological Survey
Phone: 703 648 4552
Email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov
Hours of service: Monday through Friday 0730-1700 Eastern Time
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Standard Order Process
Digital form:
Format name: ASCII.
Format information content:
Datasets of under 2000 records may be queried and displayed from the public web site and downloaded
Digital transfer option:
Online option:
Computer information:
Network address:
Fees: None
Metadata Reference
Metadata Date
Last updated: 20170518
Metadata Point of Contact
Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Person: Louis A. Yost
Position: Chief, Geographic Names Project
Phone: 703 648 4552
Address type: mailing
Address:
523 National Center
City: Reston
State or Province: Virginia
Postal code: 20192
Metadata Standards
Standard name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Standard version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Time convention: local time
FGDC Plus Metadata Stylesheet
Stylesheet: FGDC Plus Stylesheet
File name: FGDC Plus.xsl
Version: 1.7
Description: This metadata is displayed using the FGDC Plus Stylesheet, which is an XSL template that can be used with ArcGIS software to display metadata. It shows metadata elements defined in the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) standard and the ESRI Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (ESRI Profile). This stylsheet is in the public domain and may be freely used, modified, and redistributed. It is provided "AS-IS" without warranty or techical support.
Instructions: Click the title on the top of the page to toggle opening and closing all metadata content sections. Or tab to individual sections by clicking the section links listed horizontally below the title. Section names are centered and shown in white with a blue background. Click on a section name (e.g. Description) to open and close all section content, or individually click terms listed on the left (Status, Key Words, etc.) to individually open and close section content items. Note, some section content items (Citation, Description, etc.) are intentionally opened by default due to their importance.
Key features: Supports W3C DOM compatible browsers such as IE6, Netscape 7, and Mozilla Firefox. Metadata content organized into sections that expand and collapse. Click on title to toggle opening and closing all content (metadata sections). Page header includes menu links that tab to invidual metadata sections. Page footer links to http://www.fgdc.gov/ web site. Ignores metadata XML elements that contain all whitespace (spaces, carriage returns, tabs, line feeds, etc). Over 40 metadata elements are parsed to respect line breaks introduced by metadata author to either start a new line or a new paragraph, depending on number of consecutive line breaks and white space characters present. Over 40 metadata elements are searched for internal URL strings (that contain a "://" or "www.") and converts each one to a hypertext link. Browse graphic image and description displayed together on same page if image is JPG, JPEG, GIF, PNG, or BMP. Other browse graphic file types such as PDF popup in separate window. Enumerated attribute domain values listed in HTML table, which can be opened and closed. All FGDC metadata elements supported. FGDC Process Steps include full descriptions of each Data Source Used and Produced as long as the value of Process Step's Source Citation Used (srcused) and Source Citation Produced (srcprod) metadata element match a Data Source Citation (srccitea) metadata element value. All ESRI metdata elements supported except for Binary elements used to include thumbnail image. Includes ESRI Geoprocessing History, ESRI Feature Terms, ESRI Geometric Network, ESRI Subtype, ESRI Relationship Class, ESRI Topology, and ESRI Raster elements. Topology rules are named and described as shown on the ESRI topology_rules_poster.pdf included with ArcGIS software.
Download: FGDC Plus Stylesheet is available from the ArcScripts downloads at www.esri.com.
NEPAssist: Metadata